All 3 last members of the species, two of them female, presently stay inside the OlPejeta Conservancy in Kenya. The main cause of fear is that are all the three are not able to breed. The only male, Sudan, that's protected round the clock by armed guards, has a low sperm count, and Najin and Fatu, the 2 females, are elderly and consequently cannot reproduce.
This has pressured the officers to search for opportunity methods to save them from extinction.
To help find a technique for rhino in-vitrofertilisation or stem cell technology, the conservationists have set up a GoFundMe page hoping to fund the studies essential to save the species. A crew of specialists from Leibniz-Institut fürZoo-undWildtierforschung is already running on this with the OlPejeta Conservancy.
As part of this plan, The goal to use the adult rhino skin to make stem cells. Lab-grown stem cells of this kind are pluripotent, this means that they can make any type of cell from the body. Scientists hope to be able to create northern white rhino's sperm and egg cells through this method.
After which plant the fertilised eggs inside surrogate females from the carefully related Southern White Rhino females. The San Diego Zoo has additionally set aside $2 million for the cause and they already have a set of the suitable genetic material of the species.
The population of Northern White Rhinos were falling in the Remaining two decades due to habitat loss and poaching.
Their horns are used for lots purposes. As a standing image in some societies, they may be extensively utilized in traditional Asian medicines as a treatment for hangover. Consistent with the OlPejeta Conservancy, a kilo of rhino horn sells for $60,000 at the black marketplace.